C, C++

C Programming 

C Programming

About the course:

The C programming language is a structure oriented programming language, developed at Bell Laboratories in 1972 by Dennis Ritchie. It is a high-level and general purpose programming language that is ideal for developing firmware or portable applications and was Originally intended for writing system software.

The first major program written in C was the UNIX operating system, and for many years C was considered to be inextricably linked with UNIX. Now, however, C is an important language independent of UNIX.

Features of C programming language:

1. Reliability
2. Portability
3. Flexibility
4. Interactivity
5. Modularity
6. Efficiency and Effectiveness

Uses of C programming language:

The C programming language is used for developing system applications that forms a major portion of operating systems such as Windows, UNIX and Linux. Below are some examples of C being used.

1. Database systems
2. Graphics packages
3. Word processors
4. Spreadsheets
5. Operating system development
6. Compilers and Assemblers
7. Network drivers
8. Interpreters

Advantages of C Programming:

The good news about C is that you can write code which runs quickly, and your program is very "close to the hardware". You can access low level facilities in your computer quite easily, without the compiler or run time system stopping you from doing something potentially dangerous.

The use of compiler directives to the pre-processor make it possible to produce a single version of a program which can be compiled on several different types of computer. In this sense C is said to be very portable. The function libraries are standard for all versions of C so they can be used on all systems.


Course Contents:

The C Language is developed for creating system applications that direct interacts to the hardware devices such as drivers and kernals.

Our course content introduces students to various programming elements and concepts such as using operators, loops, functions, single and double dimensional arrays, performing operations on strings, files and pointers.The main topics that are covered includes:

1. C Language Fundamentals
2. C Functions
3. Variables and Keywords
4. Constants
5. Data types
6. Operators
7. Looping Statements
9. 8. Flow control
10.Arrays and Strings
13.Header Files
14.Structures, Unions
15.Files and streams
16.File Handling

Career Scope:

C is the most widely used programming language in the IT industry. It is the primary language used in developing operating systems. C is largely used in programming the major existing operating systems like Microsoft Windows, Apple OS X and iOS, Android, Linux and Unix. It is also widely used in Embedded Systems Programming, to program hardware drivers, to develop major applications of languages like Python, Perl, PHP and MATLAB, to build compilers and also in developing 3D computer games.

Thus, there is high demand for highly qualified C programmers in fields like Embedded Systems, Systems Programming, Artificial Intelligence, Industrial Automation, Computer Graphics, Space Research, Image Processing and Game Programming.

There are two types of career opportunities available in the field of C programming. One is working as a regular employee of a company and the other one is working as a freelancer and offering services to a number of clients.


C++ ProgrammingC++ Programming

About the course:

C++ is one of the most popular languages primarily utilized with system/application software, drivers, client-server applications and embedded firmware.It is designed with a bias toward system programming and embedded, resource-constrained and large systems, with performance, efficiency and flexibility of use as its design highlights.

C++, pronounced "C plus plus," developed by Bjarne Stroustrup at Bell Labs, is a high-level and object oriented programming language that was built off the C language. The syntax of C++ is nearly identical to C, but it has object-oriented features, which allow the programmer to create objects within the code. This makes programming easier, more efficient, and some would even say, more fun. Because of the power and flexibility of the language, most software programs today are written in C++. It is one of the most popular programming language for graphical applications, such as those that run in Windows and Macintosh environments.

Features of C++:

The syntax of C++ is largely inherited from C. It adds object-oriented features to its predecessor, such as classes, abstraction, encapsulation, inheritance, and polymorphism. It also provides functionality for function and operator overloading, generic programming facilities (such as the ability to create templates), and exception handling. C++ also features and a robust standard library (STL) of useful data structures, algorithms, and input/output facilities.

The main features of C++ are:

1. It has a Stronger Type Checking.
2. All the OOPS features like Abstraction, Encapsulation, Inheritance are present in C++.
3. C++ supports and allows user defined operators (i.e Operator Overloading) and function overloading is also supported in it.
4. Exception Handling is there in C++.
5. The Concept of Virtual functions and also Constructors and Destructors for Objects is available.
6. C++ has Inline Functions instead of Macros (in C language). Inline functions make complete function body act like Macro, safely.
7. Variables can be declared anywhere in the program in C++, but must be declared before they are used.


Course Content:.

C++ is regarded as a middle-level language, as it comprises a combination of both high-level and low-level language features. C++ originally began as an extension of the C programming language.The most important thing to do when learning C++ is to focus on concepts and not get lost in language technical details. Our course curicullum includes:

1. Introduction
2. Types and declarations
3. Pointers, Arrays and Structures
4. Expressions and Statements
4. Functions
5. Namespaces and Exceptions
6. Source Files and Programs
7. Classes
8. Operator overloading


Career scope:

C++ is widely used in embedded systems software engineering. It’s also popular in communications and gaming. It is used in many other industries such as health care, finances, and even defense. C++ is used by hundreds of thousands of programmers in essentially every application domain. It is being highly used to write device drivers and other softwares that rely on direct manipulation of hardware under realtime constraints.

A C++ programmer is trained to build software, tools, and data structures. A C++ programmer should understand the business and programming requirements as outlined by the client. Once he has thoroughly grasped the project requirements, he proceeds to the actual development of the software by employing the C++ language. He works in a team with other programmers in complete synchronization to ensure timely and quality deliverables. He has to closely follow the guidelines and rules as well as the best practices of software development that has been stipulated by the industry. The C++ programmers should have the ability to communicate effectively, as they have to interact with their team members and clients to check and recheck the requirements.

The skilled C++ programmers who are abreast with the latest technology have good prospects for advancement. They may be promoted to lead programmer and be given managerial responsibilities with experience. Some programmers may graduate into systems programmers, program-analyst or system analyst or work in research and development with the attainment of experience and skill.